Crop Factor

Crop factor is the ratio of the camera sensor size to what the lens can see. DSLR cameras often have multiple sensors of varying sizes to control for distortions that come from crop factor. It describes the difference between your camera's sensor size and a traditional 35mm film frame. It's mainly used as a way of comparing lens focal lengths when fitted to different cameras. A cropped sensor captures less of the projected image. The narrower angle of view gives the impression of using a longer focal length. For micro four thirds this is two times. For example, a 50mm for a 35mm camera is equivelent to a 25mm micro four thirds lens.